Constitutional and Statutory Provisions
North Carolina does not permit state initiatives or
referendums. Local initiatives and referendums have been permitted in cities
since 1917. As of 2005, local initiatives were allowed in all of the state's
largest cities, including Charlotte, Durham, Greensboro, Raleigh, and
Notable local initiatives include a 1997 measure in Charlotte
that changed city council elections from at-large to districts; and a 1982
measure in Wilmington that changed the zoning laws to prohibit construction of a
planned coals storage facility.
See David Schmidt, Citizen Lawmakers: The Ballot
Initiative Revolution (Temple University Press, 1989).